Illness Glossary

Chronic Lyme– If Lyme disease is not diagnosed and treated early, the Lyme spirochetes can spread and may go into hiding in your body. Weeks, months or even years later you may have problems with your brain and nervous system, muscles and joints, heart and circulation, digestion, reproductive system, and skin. Symptoms may disappear even without treatment and different symptoms may appear at different times.

Powassan Virus– Powassan virus is a tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus related to the classic TBE flavivirus.

Cytomegalovirus– is a herpes viral genus of the Herpesviruses group: in humans it is commonly known as HCMV or Human Herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5). All herpesviruses share a characteristic ability to remain latent within the body over long periods.

Bartonella– Bartonella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Facultative intracellular parasites, Bartonella species can infect healthy people but are considered especially important as oppurtunistic parasites. Bartonella are transmitted by insect vectors such as fleas, sand flies and mosquitoes. At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans. In June 2007, a new species under the genus, called Bartonella melophagi was discovered.

Chiari Malformation – Chiari malformation, is a malformation of the brain. It consists of a downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum (the opening at the base of the skull), sometimes causing non-communicating hydrocephalus as a result of obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow. The cerebrospinal fluid outflow is caused by phase difference in outflow and influx of blood in the vasculature of the brain. It can cause headaches, fatigue, muscle weakness in the head and face, difficulty swallowing, dizziness, nausea, impaired coordination, and, in severe cases, paralysis.

Osteoporosis is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. Osteoporosis literally means ‘porous bones’. The two Greek words which make up the term osteoporosis are “osteon” which means bone and “poros” which means pore. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is deteriorating, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.

POTS– Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition of dysautonomia more specifically orthostatic intolerance, in which a change from the supine position to an upright position causes an abnormally large increase in heart rate, called tachycardia. Symptoms can include, lightheadedness, dizziness, exercise intolerance, extreme fatiuge, fainting, and excessive thirst.

Raynauds Syndrome-is a vasospastic disorder causing discoloration of the fingers, toes, and occasionally other areas. The condition can cause pain within the affected extremities, discoloration (paleness) and sensations of cold and/or numbness. This can often be distressing to those who are not diagnosed, and sometimes it can be obstructive. If someone with Raynaud’s is placed in too cold a climate, it could potentially become dangerous.


3 Responses to Illness Glossary

  1. Jana says:

    My doctor wants to test me for Lyme’s tomorrow. I have been experiencing alot of pain in my body and thought it was due to my Thyroid. I don’t recall being bitten by any ticks. Here is a good interview with Tom Grier speaking of his experience with Lymes.

  2. Alex Lyme says:

    Based on my symptoms I’m also thinking that I might have co-infections such as Babesia.

    Tests should tell –


  3. Woodrow Whigum says:

    encephalitis is really deadly if it is not treated early.-

    Most up-to-date posting on our homepage

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